Below are definitions for abbreviations used in Brooklyn Tweed patterns.* Use COMMAND+F or CTRL+F to quickly locate specific abbreviations in this list.

Jump To Section: Cable Abbreviations

Jump To Section: Crochet Abbreviations

* This list includes definitions for pattern abbreviations found in Brooklyn Tweed patterns published after August 2021. Patterns published before September 2021 include full abbreviation descriptions within the patterns themselves.


Knitting Abbreviations

Abbreviation Definition
BO Bind Off
BOR Beginning of Round
BR-Dec Brioche Decrease: Slip one stitch with its corresponding yarn over as if to knit from left to right needle, slip next stitch (this is a purl) from left to right needle as if to knit, BRK (brioche knit) one from left needle, pass the two slipped stitches over the stitch just worked. (2 stitches decreased)
BRK Brioche Knit: Knit the next stitch together with its corresponding yarn over from the previous row.
BRK2tog Brioche Knit 2 Together: Knit the next 2 stitches together with their corresponding YO(s) from the previous row. (1 stitch decreased; leans right)
BRKFB Brioche Knit Front and Back: Brioche knit (BRK) into front and back of same stitch together with its corresponding YO from the previous row. (1 stitch increased)
BRK-L-Sl-Dec Brioche Knit Left Slipped Decrease (worked over 3 stitches): Slip the first stitch and its corresponding YO knitwise, BRK the next two stitches together (next purl stitch and following knit stitch and its corresponding YO), pass the slipped stitch over the stitch just made. (2 stitches decreased; leans left)
BRK-R-Sl-Dec Brioche Knit Right Slipped Decrease (worked over 3 stitches): Slip the first stitch and its corresponding YO knitwise, knit the second stitch, pass the first stitch over the second stitch. Transfer the second stitch back to the L needle then pass the third stitch and its corresponding YO over the second stitch. Transfer the completed stitch back to R needle. (2 stitches decreased; leans right)
BRK-YO-BRK Brioche Knit-Yarn Over-Brioche Knit: Knit the next stitch together with its corresponding YO from the previous row (BRK) without sliding stitch from L needle, yarn over, then knit into the same stitch (and corresponding YO) again. (2 stitches increased)
BRP Brioche Purl: Purl the next stitch together with its corresponding yarn over from the previous row.
BRP3tog Brioche Purl 3 Together: Purl the next three stitches together with their corresponding yarn overs from the previous row. (2 stitches decreased)
BRK-YO-BRK Knit the next stitch together with its corresponding yarn over from the previous row (BRK) without sliding stitch from left needle, yarn over, then knit into the same stitch (and corresponding yarn over) again. (2 stitches increased)
CDD Central Double Decrease: Slip two stitches from left to right needle at the same time as if to k2tog, knit one from left needle, pass the slipped stitches over stitch just worked. (2 stitches decreased; centered)
CN Cable Needle
DPN Double-Pointed Needle
FD2-L Fashioned Decrease Left – Double: Place next two stitches onto CN and hold CN parallel to and in front of left needle. *Insert right needle into first stitch on CN and first stitch on left needle, knit these two stitches together; repeat from * once. (2 stitches decreased; leans left)
FD2-R Fashioned Decrease Right – Double: Place next two stitches onto CN and hold CN parallel to and behind left needle. *Insert right needle into first stitch on left needle and first stitch on CN, knit these two stitches together; repeat from * once. (2 stitches decreased; leans right)
{GSS} Garter Stitch Selvedge: See pattern’s Special Techniques for full description.
Inv-L Invisible Increase Left: Slip next stitch purlwise with yarn in back, insert tip of left needle into the left leg of stitch in the row below the stitch just slipped to right needle from back to front, lifting this stitch up onto left needle tip (the lifted stitch will sit on left needle in the wrong orientation). Knit the lifted stitch through the back loop. (1 stitch increased; leans left)
Inv-R Invisible Increase Right: Insert tip of right needle into right leg of stitch below first stitch on left needle from back to front, lifting this stitch up onto left needle tip. Knit the lifted stitch, then slip the original stitch purlwise with yarn in back. (1 stitch increased; leans right)
K2tog Knit 2 Together: Knit two stitches on left needle together. (1 stitch decreased; leans right)
K2tog-tbl Knit 2 Together through the back loops: Knit two stitches on left needle together through the back loops. (1 stitch decreased; leans left)
K3tog Knit 3 Together: Knit three stitches on left needle together. (2 stitches decreased; leans right)
K3tog-tbl Knit 3 Together through the back loops: Knit three stitches on left needle together through the back loops. (2 stitches decreased; leans left)
KFB Knit Front & Back: Knit into front and then into back of same stitch. (1 stitch increased)
Knit 1-tbl, Knit-tbl RS: Knit one stitch through the back loop, twisting it. WS: Purl one stitch through the back loop, twisting it.
Knitwise Commonly used when slipping stitches; slip the stitch as if to knit it, reversing the stitch's stitch mount.
L Left: Used in technique instructions to indicate which of your two working needles is being used.
LD1 Left-Leaning Single Decrease: Work a left-leaning decrease in pattern. If the first stitch on the left needle is a knit stitch, work an SSK; if it is a purl stitch, work an SSP. (1 stitch decreased)
LD2 Left-Leaning Double Decrease: Work a left-leaning double decrease in pattern. If the first stitch on left needle is a knit stitch, work an SSSK; if it is a purl stitch, work an SSSP. (2 stitches decreased)
LLI Left Lifted Increase: With left needle tip, lift the left leg of the stitch two rows below the last stitch on right needle. Knit the lifted stitch through the back loop (because it is mounted on the left needle in the opposite-from-normal orientation), keeping it from being twisted. (1 stitch increased; leans left)
LLPI Left Lifted Purl Increase: With left needle tip, lift the left leg of the stitch two rows below the last stitch on right needle. Purl the lifted stitch. (1 stitch increased; leans left)
LT Left Twist: Slip two stitches knitwise, one at a time, to right needle; return stitches to left needle in their new orientation; knit into the back loop of the second stitch on the left needle but do not slip it off left needle; knit into the back loops of the first and second stitches on the left needle together; slip both stitches off left needle at once.
M1, M1L Make 1 Left: With left needle tip, pick up the running thread between stitch just worked on first stitch on left needle from front to back. Knit the running thread through the back loop. (1 stitch increased; leans left)
M1-BL Make 1 Backward Loop: Make one new stitch by creating a firm backward loop on right needle. (1 stitch increased)
M1LP Make 1 Left Purl: With left needle tip, pick up the running thread between stitch just worked (below first stitch on right needle) and first stitch on left needle from front to back. Purl the running thread through the back loop. (1 stitch increased; leans left)
M1R Make 1 Right: With left needle tip, pick up the running thread between stitch just worked and first stitch on left needle from back to front. Knit the running thread through the front loop. (1 stitch increased; leans right)
M1RP Make 1 Right Purl: With left needle tip, pick up the running thread between stitch just worked (below first stitch on right needle) and first stitch on left needle from back to front. Purl the running thread through the front loop. (1 stitch increased; leans right)
P2tog Purl 2 Together: Purl two stitches on left needle together. (1 stitch decreased; leans right)
P2tog-tbl Purl 2 Together Through the Back Loops: Purl two stitches on left needle together through their back loops. (1 stitch decreased)
P3tog Purl 3 Together: Purl three stitches on left needle together. (2 stitches decreased; leans right)
PFB Purl Front & Back: Purl into front and then into back of same stitch. (1 stitch increased)
PSSO Pass the slipped stitch over.
Purl 1-tbl, Purl-tbl Purl 1 stitch through the back loop.
Purlwise Commonly used when slipping stitches; slip the stitch as if to purl it, maintaining the stitch's stitch mount.
R Right: Used in technique instructions to indicate which of your two working needles is being used.
RBI Right Bar Increase: Slip one stitch knitwise from left to right needle, then return this stitch to left needle in its new orientation; knit into what is now the front leg of the stitch (so that the stitch twists to the right), removing the old stitch from the left needle, then pick up this right-slanting leg with the left needle, and knit into it. This increase is a mirror-image of a KFB increase. (1 stitch increased)
RD1 Right-Leaning Single Decrease: Work a right-leaning decrease in pattern. If the second stitch on left needle is a knit stitch, work a k2tog; if it is a purl stitch, work a p2tog. (1 stitch decreased)
RD2 Right-Leaning Double Decrease: Work a right-leaning double decrease in pattern. If the third stitch on left needle is a knit stitch, work a k3tog; if it is a purl stitch, work a p3tog. (2 stitches decreased)
RDD-R Ribbed Double Decrease-Right: Slip one purlwise from left to right needle, slip one to cable needle and hold in back, slip one purlwise from left to right needle, return stitch on cable needle to left needle, return both slipped stitches on right needle to left needle, K2tog, SSP. (2 stitches decreased, leans right on both RS & WS)
RDD-L Ribbed Double Decrease-Left: Slip one purlwise from left to right needle, slip one to cable needle and hold in back, slip one purlwise from left to right needle, return stitch on cable needle to left needle, return both slipped stitches on right needle to left needle, SSK, P2tog. (2 stitches decreased; leans left on both RS & WS)
RLI Right Lifted Increase: With right needle tip, lift the right leg of the stitch below first stitch on left needle, place it onto left needle and knit it. (1 stitch increased; leans right)
RLPI Right Lifted Purl Increase: With right needle tip, lift the right leg of the stitch below first stitch on left needle, place it onto left needle and purl it. (1 stitch increased; leans right)
RS Right Side: The public side of the fabric, i.e. the fabric that will be visible when garment is worn. In projects with reversible fabrics, RS will be assigned specifically at the beginning of the pattern.
RT Right Twist: Knit two stitches on left needle together but do not slip stitches off left needle; knit into the first stitch on the left needle again; slip both stitches off left needle at once.
S&P Slip and Pull: Used in Short Rows: German method. See pattern as well as our how-to video.
S1K2P Slip, Knit 2 Together, Pass: Slip one stitch knitwise, knit two stitches together, pass the slipped stitch over. (2 stitches decreased)
SKP Slip, Knit, Pass: Slip one stitch knitwise, knit one stitch, pass the slipped stitch over. (1 stitch decreased; leans left)
Sl-YO Slip 1 with Yarn Over: Bring the working yarn under the needle to the front of the work, slip the next stitch from the left needle to the right needle as if to purl, then bring the yarn over the needle to the back (creating a yarn over on top of the slipped stitch); bring yarn into position to work the following stitch (in back for a knit, in front for a purl). This slipped stitch/yarn over pair is considered one stitch.
SSK Slip, Slip, Knit 2 Together: Slip one stitch knitwise from left to right needle, replace stitch on left needle in new orientation then knit two stitches together through the back loops. (1 stitch decreased; leans left)
SSP Slip, Slip, Purl: Slip two stitches knitwise, one at a time; transfer stitches back to left needle in their new orientation, then purl the stitches together through the back loops. (1 stitch decreased; leans left)
{SSS} Slip-Stitch Selvedge: See pattern’s Special Techniques for full description.
SSSK Slip, Slip, Slip, Knit 3 Together: Slip one stitch from left to right needle as if to knit, replace stitch on left needle in new orientation and knit three stitches together from left needle together through the back loops. (2 stitches decreased; leans left)
SSSP Slip, Slip, Slip, Purl: Slip three stitches knitwise, one at a time, transfer stitches back to left needle in their new orientation, then purl the stitches together through the back loops. (2 stitches decreased; leans left)
SSTWK Twisted Slip, Slip, Slip, Knit: Slip two stitches knitwise to R needle one at a time. Slip one stitch purlwise to R needle, then slip back to L needle knitwise, twisting the stitch. Replace first two stitches on L needle in new orientation, then knit three stitches together through the back loops. (2 stitches decreased, leans left)
STWK Twisted Slip, Slip, Knit: Slip one stitch knitwise to R needle, slip one stitch purlwise to R needle, then slip back to L needle knitwise, twisting the stitch. Replace first stitch on L needle in new orientation, then knit two stitches together through the back loops. (1 stitch decreased, leans left)
TD2-L Twisted Decrease Left – Double: Knit three stitches together through the back loops. (2 stitches decreased; leans left)
TD2-R Twisted Decrease Right – Double: Slip three stitches purlwise through the back loop from left to right needle (one at a time), transfer stitches back to left needle in new orientation, then knit all three stitches together. (2 stitches decreased; leans right)
W&T Wrap and Turn: Used in Short Rows: Wrap and Turn method. See pattern’s Special Techniques for full description as well as our Resource page on Short Row Shaping for a visual how-to.
WS Wrong Side: The non-public side of the fabric, i.e. the fabric that will not be visible when garment is worn. In projects with reversible fabrics, WS will be assigned specifically at the beginning of the pattern.
WYIB With Yarn in Back
WYIF With Yarn in Front
Yf-Sl1-YO Yarn Forward, Slip 1, Yarn Over: Bring the working yarn under the needle to the front of the work, slip the next stitch purlwise, then bring the yarn over the needle to the back (creating a yarn over on top of the slipped stitch), in position to knit the following stitch. This slipped stitch/yarn over pair is considered one stitch.
Yf-Sl1-YOF Yarn Forward, Slip 1, Yarn Over to Front: Bring the working yarn under the needle to the front of the work, slip the next stitch purlwise, then bring the yarn over the needle and back to the front (creating a yarn over on top of the slipped stitch), in position to purl the following stitch. This slipped stitch/yarn over pair is considered one stitch.
YO Yarn Over: When to be followed by a knit stitch, bring yarn to front, then over top of right needle from front to back, leaving yarn at back and creating one new stitch; when to be followed by a purl stitch, bring yarn to front, then over top of right needle, returning yarn to front and creating one new stitch.

Cable Abbreviations

Abbreviation Definition
1/1 LC 1 over 1 Left Cross: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front, knit one stitch from left needle, knit stitch from cable needle.
1/1 LC-tbl 1 over 1 Left Cross through the back loop: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front. Knit one stitch through the back loop from left needle. Knit one stitch through the back loop from cable needle.
1/1 LPC 1 over 1 Left Purl Cross: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front, purl one stitch from left needle, knit stitch from cable needle.
1/1 LTk
1 over 1 Left Twist over knit: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front. Knit one from left needle. Knit one stitch through the back loop from cable needle.
1/1 RC 1 over 1 Right Cross: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit one stitch from left needle, knit stitch from cable needle.
1/1 RC-tbl 1 over 1 Right Cross through the back loop: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back. Knit one stitch through the back loop from left needle. Knit one stitch through the back loop from cable needle.
1/1 RPC 1 over 1 Right Purl Cross: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit one stitch from left needle, purl stitch from cable needle.
1/1 RTk 1 over 1 Right Twist over knit: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back. Knit one stitch through the back loop from left needle. Knit one from cable needle.
1/1/1 LTk
1 over 1 over 1 Left Twist over knit: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front. Knit one from left needle. Slip second stitch on cable needle back to left needle and knit it through the back loop, then knit one from cable needle.
1/1/1 RC-tbl
1 over 1 over 1 Right Cross through the back loop: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in back. Knit one stitch through the back loop from left needle. Slip second stitch on cable needle back to left needle and knit it through the back loop, then knit one stitch through the back loop from cable needle.
1/1/1 RTk
1 over 1 over 1 Right Twist over knit: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in back. Knit one stitch through the back loop from left needle. Slip second stitch on cable needle back to left needle and knit it, then knit one stitch through the back loop from cable needle.
1/1/1 RT-tbl
1 over 1 over 1 Right Twist through the back loop: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back. Knit one stitch through the back loop from left needle. Move cable needle to front. Knit one from left needle. Knit one stitch through the back loop from cable needle.
1/2 LC 

1 over 2 Left Cross:

[with CN] Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front, knit two stitches from left needle, knit one stitch from cable needle.

[without CN] Working from the back, knit into the back loop of the second stitch on the L needle, but do not slip it off L needle; knit into the back loop of the third stitch on the L needle, but do not slip it off L needle; knit into the front loop of the first stitch on the L needle; slip all 3 stitches off L needle at once.

1/2 RC 

1 over 2 Two Right Cross:

[with CN] Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in back, knit one stitch from left needle, knit two stitches from cable needle.

[without CN] Working from the front, skip the first and second stitches on L needle and knit into the back of the third stitch, but do not slip it off L needle; knit into the front loop of the first stitch on the L needle and slip it off L needle; knit into the front loop of the second stitch on the L needle; slip the second and third stitches off L needle at once.

1/3 LC Double Wrap 1 over 3 Left Cross Double Wrap: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front; purl two stitches, knit one stitch from left needle; knit stitch from cable needle.
1/3 LC Rib 1 over 3 Left Cross Rib: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in front; purl two stitches, knit one stitch from left needle; knit stitch from cable needle.
1/3 RC Rib 1 over 3 Right Cross Rib: Slip three stitches to cable needle and hold in back; knit one stitch from left needle; knit one stitch, purl two stitches from cable needle.
2/1 LC 2 over 1 Left Cross: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit one stitch from left needle, knit two stitches from cable needle.
2/1 RC 2 over 1 Right Cross: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit two stitches from left needle, knit stitch from cable needle.
2/1 LCp 2 over 1 Left Cross over purl: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, purl one stitch from left needle, knit two stitches from cable needle.
2/1 RCp 2 over 1 Right Cross over purl: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit two stitches from left needle, purl stitch from cable needle.
2/2 LC 2 over 2 Left Cross: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit two stitches from left needle, knit two stitches from cable needle.
2/2 RC
2 over 2 Right Cross: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in back, knit two stitches from left needle, knit two stitches from cable needle.
2/2/2 LCp
2 over 2 over 2 Left Cross under purl: Slip four stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit two stitches from left needle, slip two purl stitches from cable needle back to left needle and move cable needle to back, purl two stitches from left needle, knit two stitches from cable needle.
3/1 LC 3 over 1 Left Cross: Slip three stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit one stitch from L needle, knit three stitches from cable needle.
3/1 RC 3 over 1 Right Cross: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit three stitches from L needle, knit one stitch from cable needle.
3/1 LCp
3 over 1 Left Cross over purl: Slip three stitches to cable needle and hold in front, purl one stitch from L needle, knit three stitches from cable needle.
3/1 RCp
3 over 1 Right Cross over purl: Slip one stitch to cable needle and hold in back, knit three stitches from L needle, purl one stitch from cable needle.
3/2 LC
3 over 2 Left Cross: Slip three stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit two stitches from left needle, knit three stitches from cable needle.
3/2 RC 3 over 2 Right Cross: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in back, knit three stitches from left needle, knit two stitches from cable needle.
3/2 LT 3 over 2 Left Twist: Slip three stitches to cable needle and hold in front, purl two stitches from left needle, knit three stitches from cable needle.
3/2 RT 3 over 2 Right Twist: Slip two stitches to cable needle and hold in back, knit three stitches from left needle, purl two stitches from cable needle.
3/3 LC 3 over 3 Left Cross: Slip three stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit three stitches from L needle, knit three stitches from cable needle.
3/3 RC 3 over 3 Right Cross: Slip three stitches to cable needle and hold in back, knit three stitches from L needle, knit three stitches from cable needle.
3/4 RC 3 over 4 Right Cross: Slip four stitches to cable needle and hold in back, knit three stitches from L needle, knit four stitches from cable needle.
4/4 LC 4 over 4 Left Cross: Slip four stitches to cable needle and hold in front, knit four stitches from left needle, knit four stitches from cable needle.

Crochet Abbreviations

Abbreviation Definition
CH Chain: Make a slip knot and place on hook. Wrap yarn around hook and pull through the loop. Repeat as many times as indicated. Please note that the loop on your hook does not ever count as a chain; only the completed chains should be counted.
DC Double Crochet: Wrap yarn around hook and then insert hook where indicated. Wrap yarn around hook and pull up a loop. Wrap yarn around hook and pull through first two loops on hook. Wrap yarn around hook and pull through two remaining loops on hook.
HDC Half-Double Crochet: Wrap yarn around hook and then insert hook where indicated. Wrap yarn around hook and pull up a loop. Wrap yarn around hook and pull through all three loops on hook.
SC Single Crochet: Insert hook where indicated, wrap yarn around hook and pull up a loop. Wrap yarn around hook and pull through both loops on hook.
SL ST Slip Stitch: Insert hook where indicated. Wrap yarn around hook and pull through both the place the hook is inserted and the loop on the hook.